Potassium deficiency or hypokalemia is a health disorder which occurs due to absence of required amount of potassium in the body. A person with shortage of potassium in the body usually experiences weak muscles and nerves. Potassium helps our heart and muscles work properly. One of the most important tasks performed by potassium is to keep our blood pressure appropriately regulated in the body. So, a shortfall of potassium in our system can lead to various kinds of health disorders and complications. Catching the early signs of potassium deficiency in the body and seeking prompt remedial action is very necessary. People with long-term potassium deficiency in the body run the risk of having the healthy growth of their body restricted.
Here Are Some Of The Important Causes, Symptoms And Treatments Of Potassium Deficiency
Causes Of Potassium Deficiency
Main trigger of potassium deficiency is excessive sweating. If you drain out more potassium counts through sweating than what you get through your diets, you are at optimum risk of getting a shortfall of potassium in your body. Apart from excess sweating, vomiting and frequent bowel movements are other potential causes of potassium deficiency in the body. If your daily diet lacks required amount of potassium, chances are high that you would stumble upon potassium deficiency.
There are some diseases which make the patients release more potassium either through excrement or urination. These diseases lead to the health condition where the body gets depleted of potassium. In some cases, patients are put on laxatives or diuretics which result in significant loss of potassium from the system. Health conditions like renal failure and diabetic often make the body unable to soak up potassium from body. As a result, the body becomes deficient of potassium.
Symptoms Of Potassium Deficiency
When potassium deficiency occurs, numerous symptoms may arise. But these symptoms mostly depend on the extent of shortfall of potassium that has gripped the body. A potassium deficiency of lesser extent is usually accompanied with dysrhythmias or abnormal heart beats, palpitation, degenerated muscle, fatigue and constipation. A sharp drop of potassium level in the body affects proper functioning of organs such as kidneys, muscles and digestive tract.
Most often, it causes the heartbeats to function slowly and makes the patients undergo dizziness. A major drop of potassium in the body produces symptoms like stopped heart-beat, passing out induced by low blood pressure and increased frequency of urination. Less often, patients suffering from considerably low potassium level complain of depression as well as hallucination.
Treatment Of Potassium Deficiency
There are several time-honored natural ways to treat potassium deficiency. Here is a list of a few of these treatments which really work.
Consume Lots Of Potassium Enriched Foods
You can deal with potassium deficiency effectively if you take care of what you eat daily. Most of us fail to supply required quota of potassium to our body due to sheer ignorance. Nutrition science suggests that adults should consume 4,700 mg and children should consume 3,800 mg of potassium daily. Some important food items which have very high content of potassium include baked potato, dried apricots, avocado, bananas, prunes, spinach, pumpkin seeds and white bean. Apart from these, fish, chicken, almonds, cocoa, molasses, wheat germs, orange juice and tomato juice are also significant sources of potassium.
Follow Rehydration Process
Rehydration process works well to restore the potassium drained out from the body due to excessive sweating. While rehydrating yourself, make sure that you consume electrolyte solution. Sports drink can also help you out.
Diarrhea is a very significant reason of potassium deficiency in the body. People with chronic diarrhea are sure to show all the signs of potassium deficiency. Therefore, it is very important for them to cure their diarrhea if they want to improve their potassium deficiency condition.
Take Potassium Supplements
In case there is an acute shortfall of potassium in your body and you fail to tame it through your diets, you may be recommended potassium supplements. But let your doctor decide what potassium supplement you need. Watch your potassium level Keep a constant watch on the potassium level of your body. Multi-vitamin supplements recommended for potassium deficiency patients mostly do not have enough potassium per serving. Therefore, through constant watch, you can be warned in time if there is any abnormality.
Get Intravenous Injection
Intravenous injections are very effective treatment to get rid of potassium deficiency but this remedial step is recommended as a last resort. Physicians usually prescribe this treatment when oral supplements to compensate potassium loss become ineffective.