Diabetes is a chronic disease associated with impaired carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism. It manifests as impaired blood sugar level. Generally, three approaches are followed to manage the impaired blood sugar level. They are medicines, food, and exercise. Controlling the diet is very important as food immediately affects the rise in blood glucose level.
Many herbs, vegetables and fruits commonly found in the kitchen can help to manage the diabetes better.
Popularly known as Karela, bitter gourd (Momordica charentia) is the most commonly used household remedy for Diabetes. It forms a part of many Indian cuisines. It belongs to the Cucurbitacea family and widely cultivated all over India. The fruit is consumed in the form of juice. Bitter gourd is believed to increase the glucose utilization in the body and also renew Pancreas cells.
One of the widely consumed green leafy vegetables, Fenugreek (Trigonella foenumgraecum) is known to reduce blood glucose level. It belongs to the Fabaceae, the family of legumes. The Fenugreek seeds are the part of spice boxes in most of the kitchens, the green leaves are used in curries and subzis. The seeds are considered the best remedy for diabetes in Ayurvedic system of medicine.
Fenugreek seeds are rich in dietary fibre and protein. They contain a unique free amino acid 4-hydroxyisoleucine, that is considered as responsible for blood glucose control. These seeds also delay the gut emptying rate, which results in slow increase in blood glucose level.
Black Plum or Jamun
Jamun (Eugenia jambolana syn Syzygium cumini) is known as one of the very few fruits that diabetics can eat. It is rich in Vitamin C. The seed powder is used in many formulations used to manage Diabetes. Jamun is known to increase the insulin activity in the blood.
Onion (Allium cepa) needs no introduction. With its characteristic aroma and taste it is inevitable in all kitchens. Onion has many medicinal properties. It is rich in antioxidants. It is known to reduce the cholesterol level. S-methyl cysteine sulfoxide is the active component of onion that is considered to be responsible for reducing the blood sugar level.
Barley (Hordeum vulgare) is a millet grown as rabi crop inn India. It is the richest source of dietary fibre among all cereals. It also rich in Chrpmium. Barley is considered to manage blood glucose better than wheat. It is used after dehulling or pearling.