17 Causes Symptoms And Treatment Of Iron Deficiency


Deficiency of iron is very common in women. Iron is responsible for synthesizing haemoglobin. This protein “haemoglobin” is responsible for carrying oxygen to different parts of the body by way of blood. When each and every cell, tissue and muscle of the body gets sufficient amount of oxygen then they function powerfully and smoothly. When the ratio of red blood cells (RBCs) in the blood is less than that is required by the body then it leads to iron deficiency. The deficiency of iron leads to lack of haemoglobin in the blood which causes anemia. This deficiency can lead to several health issues which can negatively impact the health and productivity of a person. In this article we will provide you information related to the causes, symptoms and treatment of iron deficiency.

List Of Causes Symptoms And Treatment Of Iron Deficiency


You need to understand the symptoms carefully and evaluate whether you relate to them or not. The signs of iron deficiency can be mild in the beginning which becomes more pronounced at the later stages. It has been observed that many people do not even realised that they have been suffering from iron deficiency or anaemia till they get their blood test / haemoglobin test done. Watch out for below mentioned symptoms as they would give you a hint of you being suffering from iron deficiency.

Weakness And Fatigue

If you are feeling weak, lazy and fatigue then it can be due to the deficiency of iron.


Pale Yellow Skin

If the colour of the skin, under eye region and nails is turning to pale yellow then it is one of the possible indicators of deficiency of iron.

yellow skin

Shortening Of Breath

If one is feeling shortened breaths then it could be due to iron deficiency.



Dizziness and lethargy are the signs of lack of iron in the body.


Intense Urge To Eat Non-food Items Like Dirt, Clay Or Ice

If you observe a craving towards ice, clay or dirt then is the sign of this deficiency.


Swelling In Tongue Or Soreness

A person with lack of iron content in the body experiences soreness and swelling in tongue.


Cold Feet And Hands

Cold feet and hands are one of the most likely signs to develop in this case.


Fast And Irregular Heartbeat

If your breath becomes fast and irregular without uniformity then it can be due to iron deficiency.


Brittleness Of Nails

Your nails becoming brittle and rough are some of the signs of this deficiency.


Pain In Head

Intense headache is some of the common symptoms seen in person with this deficiency.



Now let us see the factors which results in the deficiency of iron in the body.

Intake Of Iron Deficient Diet

If your diet doesn’t contain the proper levels of iron as required by the body for a long time then it results in shortage of iron in the body. Iron is required for quick growth and development of the body so its deficiency can lead to under development or poor development of body. Growing children and pregnant women are therefore advised to take good amounts of iron in their diet.


Loss Of Blood Due To Menstruation Or Child Birth

Heavy menstrual bleeding and childbirth are two main reasons for the loss of significant amount of iron in the form of blood from the body.

blood cells

Internal Bleeding

Internal bleeding due to intestinal infection, stomach ulcers, polyps, colon cancer etc. leads to deficiency of iron in the body. Excessive use of pain relieving medicines like aspirin also leads to stomach bleeding.


Reduced Iron Absorption

Certain surgical procedures like gastric bypass or body disorders disturbs the functioning of intestine. As result of which your body loses capabilities to absorb iron.



Iron Supplements

Iron tablets as supplements helps to restore iron levels in the body. Ensure them to take under prescription of doctor. With regular use over a period of time the iron levels in your body will be restored to normal levels. Iron tablets should be consumed on an empty stomach to be more effective. These tablets can also lead to constipation in the body.


Iron Rich Diet

Include food items which are rich in iron such as beans, leafy vegetables, raisins, dates, jaggery, eggs, pumpkin seeds, broccoli, red meat, chicken, tomatoes and non-fortified cereals.


Consume Vitamin C Rich Foods

Vitamin C aids in proper absorption of iron in the body. Consume vitamin C in the form of citrus fruits, green pepper, sweet lemon, green leafy vegetables etc.


I hope this article was useful to you. So eat good amounts of iron daily to keep away chronic ailments.

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